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肺癌饮食

ID #1029

癌症病人饮食怎样安排

  (1)减轻或消除病人对癌症的恐惧感,要千方百计增加病人的食欲,经常更换菜肴品种,注意菜肴的色香味调配。

  (2)要让病人保持足够的蛋白质摄入量。癌症是一种消耗性疾病,特别是蛋白质的消耗很多。经常吃瘦猪肉、牛肉、兔肉或鸡鸭家禽。如果病人厌油腻荤腥,可换些蛋白质含量丰富的非肉类食物,如奶酪、鸡蛋饼、咸鸭蛋等。

  (3)要避免吃不易消化的食物。应多吃煮、炖、蒸等易消化的食物,少吃油煎食物。

  (4)多吃维生素含量丰富的蔬菜、水果及其他一些有助于抗癌的食物,如芦笋、海带、海藻、洋葱、大蒜、蘑菇等。

  (5)适当运用中医饮食疗法:

  ①放疗后,往往有口舌干燥、舌红少苔等津液耗损的表现,可多吃一些滋阴生津的甘凉食物,如藕汁、荸荠汁、梨汁、绿豆汤、冬瓜汤、西瓜等;

  ②化疗期间,病人免疫功能下降,白细胞减少,食欲不振,可吃河蟹、黄鳝、牛肉等有助于升高白细胞的食物以及山楂、萝卜等健脾开胃食品;

  ③手术后病人气血亏虚,可多吃山药、红枣、桂圆、莲子,以补气养血。
==== 汉译英 ====
(1) reduce or eliminate the fear of cancer patients, we must do everything possible to increase the patient's appetite, frequent replacement of varieties of dishes, pay attention to color, flavor and deployment of dishes.

(2) allow the patient to maintain adequate protein intake. Cancer is a wasting disease, in particular, the consumption of a lot of protein. Regularly eat lean pork, beef, poultry meat or poultry. If the patient tired greasy Hunxing can change some non-meat protein-rich food such as cheese, eggs, cakes, Salted duck egg and so on.

(3) to avoid eating non-digestible food. Should eat boiling, stewing, steaming and other digestible foods, eat less fried food.

(4) eat vitamin-rich vegetables, fruits and some other help to anti-cancer foods, such as asparagus, kelp, seaweed, onion, garlic and mushrooms.

(5) the proper use of Chinese dietary therapy:

① after radiotherapy, often tongue dry, red tongue and other body fluid depletion less the performance of moss can eat some of Gan Liang Jin Ziyin health foods such as Ouzhi, water chestnuts juice, pear juice, green bean soup, winter melon soup, watermelon, etc.;

② during chemotherapy, the patient decreased immune function, leukopenia, loss of appetite, to eat crab, eel, beef, white blood cells that contribute to higher food, as well as hawthorn, radish, etc. spleen appetizer;

③ of qi and blood deficiency in patients after surgery can eat yams, red dates, longan, lotus seeds, in order to qi nourishing.

Tags: 癌症病人饮食安排

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更新日期: 2009-10-29 06:00
作者: : mcyclub
修订: 1.0

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