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ID #1054

癌症康复锻炼5项原则

研究人员发现癌症病人无论在术后还是化疗后,都不应该静养,适当的运动如长距离散步、慢跑、骑自行车、游泳和体操等,能提高病人身体的协调能力、心血管能力,增强耐力和免疫力,对抗癌症功效显著。当然癌症病人体质虚弱,免疫功能较低,采用
运动疗法时还需要遵循以下原则:
1、个体化原则 要根据病人的年龄、病情和体质,选择适宜的运动项目、运动强度和时间。
2、分段原则 癌症患者的运动疗法可分为几个阶段。
第1阶段:长期卧床或手术后卧床的癌症患者,可以做些不费太多力气的简单动作或卧位气功锻炼,以提高肌肉的力量。
第2阶段:当/病人可以起床活动时,可以适当地进行散步、站立气功等运动锻炼,增加运动强度,提高体力储备,为
恢复正常活动创造条件。
第3阶段:当癌症必然能够朝日离床时,便可增加运动量,逐渐延长散步距离和时间,进行太极拳、郭林新气功等运动锻
炼,以加强体力,促进恢复健康。
3、全面原则 要注意全身运动与局部运动想结合,这样才能发挥其康复医疗的最大作用。一般以全身运动为主,局部截肢
或伴有脑血管病的患者,还应配合相应的局部运动和功能锻炼。
4、渐进式原则 运动要循序渐进,逐渐既大运动量。在开始时,运动量要小,随着病人机体功能的改善,运动量可逐渐加大。
达到应有的强度后,即维持在此水平上坚持锻炼。防止突然加大和无限加大运动量,以免发生心脑血管意外。
5、维持性原则 运动锻炼对癌症的康复具有一定效果,但亦并非一日之功,只要长期坚持才能收到预期的效果。尤其进行郭林新气功、太极拳等运动锻炼时,坚持不懈方能取得疗效。

==== 汉译英 ====

The researchers found that in both cancer patients after chemotherapy or surgery, should not be resting, moderate exercise, such as long-distance walking, jogging, cycling, swimming and gymnastics and so on, can improve the patient's physical capacity for coordination, cardiovascular capacity, increase endurance and the immune system, fight cancer, a significant effect. Of course, cancer patients, physical weakness, lower immune function, using
Exercise therapy will also be required to follow the following principles:
1, the principle of individualized according to patient's age, illness and physical, choose suitable sports, exercise intensity and time.
2, sub-principles of exercise therapy in patients with cancer can be divided into several stages.
Phase 1: Long-term bed rest or ambulatory cancer patients after surgery can be done does not cost much effort to a simple action or supine Qigong to improve muscle strength.
Stage 2: When the cancer patients can get up activities, may properly be walking, standing qigong and other physical exercise, increasing exercise intensity, improve physical reserves, in order to
To create conditions for resumption of normal activities.
Stage 3: When the cancer is fully capable of Asahi from the bed, they can increase the amount of exercise, and gradually to extend the walking distance and time, to tai chi, Guo Lin qigong sports such as forging a new
Refining, in order to enhance strength and promote recovery.
3, comprehensive principles should pay attention to body movement and local motion to combine, in order to play its most important function of rehabilitation therapy. Generally the main body movement, partial amputation
Or associated with cerebrovascular disease patients, but also with the corresponding local movements and functional exercise.
4, the principle of progressive movement should be gradual, and gradually both the large amount of exercise. At the beginning, exercise should be small, with the bodily functions of patients improved, exercise can be gradually increased.
Reached the required strength later, maintained at this level exercising. To prevent the sudden increase, and infinitely more physical activity in order to avoid cardio-cerebral vascular accident.
5, maintaining the principle of exercise on the rehabilitation of cancer has a certain effect, but it is not a day, as long as the long-term adherence to receive the desired effect. In particular, new to Guo Lin qigong, tai chi and other physical exercise, the persistent effect to be achieved.

Tags: 癌症康复

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更新日期: 2009-11-17 05:44
作者: : mcyclub
修订: 1.2

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