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吸烟人应吃的六种食物

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  越来越多的研究证实,吸烟是导致多种疾病特别是肺癌的重要原因。但吸烟这一种嗜好,一时改掉比较困难,那么在没有戒烟以前,应该注意调整自己的食谱,来抵销吸烟对身体的部分危害。

    多吃新鲜的蔬菜水果
  多吃水果(西瓜、苹果、香蕉),蔬菜(白菜、菠菜、芹菜)能抵消部分由于吸烟造成的血压升高。同时,常吃苹果还可以减少患发肺癌的危险性。苹果中所含的黄酮类化合物通过新陈代谢所产生的重要抗氧化物质,是减少肺癌发病率的主要原因。正常摄食含黄酮化合物最多的苹果,洋葱、果汁、蔬菜和果子酱的人,肺癌发病率降低20%。
  有关研究发现,每周至少吃5个苹果或是3个西红柿可以显著提高人体的肺功能。同时,经常吃香蕉的人也一般不会遇到呼吸困难的情况。

  多喝水,多排尿。
  多运动,多排汗,可以加速排除体内的尼古丁等有害物质。

  多吃鱼
  吃鱼可以削减吸烟对身体造成的部分损害。鱼肉中含有的氨基酸可遏止动脉硬化,减少吸烟的人死于心脏病及中风的机会。

  吸烟的人要注意食入一些含维生素C丰富的蔬菜和水果进行补充
  维生素C还有保护气管粘膜的作用 ,如鲜枣、栗子、小白菜、白萝卜、黄瓜、苦瓜等。

  为了预防肺癌的发生,可食用含胡萝卜素丰富的蔬菜
  食含胡萝卜素丰富的蔬菜,能大大减少患肺癌的危险。大量食用这类蔬菜的吸烟者中,患肺癌的与其他吸烟者之比1:8。

  含胡萝卜素丰富的蔬菜有,胡萝卜、甘薯、西红柿、紫菜、海带、菠菜等。其它含维生素A丰富的食物如肝、蛋类,也可适当食用。

  多喝茶
  常年喝茶,不仅分解尼古丁;而且,茶叶里面的微量元素能提神、兴奋神经,减少吸烟的次数。

==== 汉译英 ====

More and more studies confirm that smoking is a cause of many diseases, especially cancer of the important reasons. However, smoking it a hobby, and sometimes difficult to get rid of, then there is no quit in the past, should pay attention to adjusting their diet to offset some smoke damage on the body.

    Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables
Eat more fruits (watermelon, apples, bananas), vegetables (cabbage, spinach, celery) to offset part of the blood pressure caused by smoking. At the same time, eat apples can also reduce the risk of lung cancer patients. Apple flavonoids contained in metabolism produced by the important antioxidant, is the main reason for reducing the incidence of lung cancer. Normal diet containing the most flavonoids apples, onions, fruit juice, vegetables and fruit sauce of people, lung cancer incidence rate decreased by 20%.
The study found that eating at least five apples a week or three tomatoes can significantly improve lung function in the human body. Meanwhile, people who often eat bananas generally do not experience breathing difficulties.

Drink plenty of water, more urination.
More exercise, more sweat, you can speed up the body get rid of nicotine and other harmful substances.

More fish
Smoking fish can cut part of the damage caused by the body. Amino acids contained in fish may prevent atherosclerosis, reduce smokers die of heart disease and stroke.

Smokers should pay attention to eat into some vitamin C-rich vegetables and fruits to supplement
Vitamin C also protected the role of tracheal mucosa, such as jujube, chestnuts, Chinese cabbage, white radish, cucumber, bitter gourd and so on.

In order to prevent the occurrence of lung cancer, with carotene-rich vegetables, edible
Carotene-rich food containing vegetables, can significantly reduce the risk of lung cancer. Eat lots of vegetables such smokers, smokers with lung cancer the ratio of 1:8 with the other.

With carotene-rich vegetables, carrots, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, seaweed, kelp, spinach. Other foods rich in vitamin A such as liver, eggs, may be appropriate to eat.

More tea
Perennial tea, not only break down nicotine; Moreover, the tea inside the trace elements can be refreshing, exciting nerves, reduce the number of smoking.

Tags: 吸烟, 肺癌

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更新日期: 2010-12-05 03:56
作者: : mcyclub
修订: 1.0

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