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远离肺癌35岁前戒烟

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  吸烟者在戒烟后,其体内器官会发生一系列有益的变化,大致表现如下:

  24小时内——心肌梗塞危险性降低。

  48小时内——神经末梢的功能逐渐好转。

  72小时内——支气管不再痉挛,呼吸大为舒畅,肺活量增加。

  2周~1个月——血液循环稳定,肺功能改善30%。

  1~9个月——咳嗽、疲劳、气短等症状减轻;气管和支气管的黏膜上出现新的纤毛,处理黏液的功能增强,痰减少。

  1年内——冠状动脉硬化危险减至吸烟者的一半。

  5年内——比一般吸烟者(每天吸一包烟)的肺癌死亡率低很多,或接近于不吸烟者的死亡率;口腔、呼吸道、食管的发病率降到吸烟者发病率的一半;心肌梗塞的发病率几乎降低到非吸烟者的水平。

  另外,如果吸烟者能在35岁以前戒烟,则死于与烟草相关疾病的危险性会明显下降,几乎与不吸烟者相近。

==== 汉译英 ====

Smokers quit smoking, its internal organs, a series of beneficial changes will occur, generally as following:

Within 24 hours - reduced risk of myocardial infarction.

Within 48 hours - the nerve endings function gradually improved.

Within 72 hours - no bronchial spasm, breathing much ease, lung capacity increases.

2 weeks to 1 month - blood circulation stability, pulmonary function improved 30%.

1 to 9 months - cough, fatigue, shortness of breath and other symptoms relieved; trachea and bronchial mucosa cilia on the emergence of new, enhanced handling features of mucus, sputum decreased.

1 year - reduced risk of coronary artery half of smokers.

5 years - than smokers (smoking a pack of cigarettes a day) is much lower lung cancer mortality or the mortality rate is close to non-smokers; mouth, respiratory tract, reduced the incidence of esophageal incidence of smokers half; the incidence of myocardial infarction is almost reduced to the level of non-smokers.

In addition, if smokers can quit smoking before the age of 35, then die from tobacco-related diseases will be significantly decreased the risk is almost similar with the non-smokers.

Tags: 远离肺癌35岁前戒烟

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更新日期: 2010-10-04 15:12
作者: : mcyclub
修订: 1.0

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