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45岁后应每年做防癌体检

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  肿瘤难以早期发现,一经发现就是中晚期,是长久以来人们对肿瘤的认识。但这已经成为肿瘤认知的最大误区。
  七成癌症患者能通过定期体检实现早期发现。
  本月11日至17日是全国第十六届肿瘤防治宣传周,今年的主题是“关爱生命,科学防癌,让生活更美好”。在宣传周即将到来之际,本市肿瘤医院一项对八万人体检的调查结果显示,体检中发现的恶性肿瘤80%为早期患者,这其中包括乳腺癌、宫颈癌、前列腺癌、消化道癌症等数十种身体各部位恶性肿瘤。由此专家表示45岁以上人群无论男女每年体检是早期发现肿瘤的重要途径,建议体检时请医生制定个体化的防癌体检方案,将肿瘤标志物等相关检查纳入其中。有肿瘤家族史的人,肿瘤标志物等相关检查要提前到35岁。
  市肿瘤医院肿瘤预防医学中心主任刘俊田主任医师表示,肿瘤难以早期发现,一经发现就是中晚期,是长久以来人们对肿瘤的认识,但这已经成为肿瘤认知的最大误区。随着科学技术的进步和对肿瘤特性的深入了解,75%以上身体各部位的肿瘤通过定期正规体检及简单易行的筛查方式能够实现早期发现,特别是一些早期症状不明显的肿瘤,如肺癌、宫颈癌、乳腺癌、食管癌、鼻咽癌、肝癌、大肠癌等。
  刘俊田介绍说,肿瘤的预防分为三级,合理饮食、坚持运动、避免肥胖、戒烟限酒、乐观心态、劳逸结合等科学合理的生活方式,作为一级预防的重要内容已经被越来越多的人认可并接受。二级预防是以早发现、早诊断、早治疗为目标,包括定期进行健康体检和肿瘤普查。防癌体检是指涵盖了肿瘤标志物、血清学普查、X线检查等项目在内的体检。但目前通过体检早期发现肿瘤并没有引起人们足够的重视。他认为,市民可以在首次查体时明确自己的整体状况,确定是否为肿瘤高危人群以及以后的查体频率,只有这样才能真正做到对肿瘤的早发现、早诊断、早治疗,从而提高肿瘤第三级预防的治疗效果。

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==== 汉译英 ====

Early detection of cancer is difficult, one that is advanced by the discovery, is a long time people recognize the tumor. But this has become the largest tumor of cognitive errors.
Qi Cheng cancer patients to achieve early detection through regular medical examinations.
11 to 17 this month, the National Cancer Awareness Week sixteenth, this year's theme is "Caring for life, scientific anti-cancer, Better Life." Awareness Week in the dawn, the city cancer hospital one pair of 80 000 person survey medical examination, physical examination found 80% of patients in early stage malignant tumors, which include breast, cervical, prostate, gastrointestinal tract cancer and other body parts dozens of malignant tumors. Thus experts say both men and women over age 45, annual physical examination is an important means of early detection of cancer, physical examination, the doctor recommended the development of individualized anti-cancer medical program, such as tumor markers to include the relevant inspection. People who have family history of cancer, tumor markers and other related check in advance to 35 years of age.
City of Preventive Medicine, Cancer Hospital, LIU Jun, director of chief physician, said the early detection of cancer is difficult, one that is advanced by the discovery, is one of the tumor has long been recognized, but this has become the largest tumor cognitive errors. With the scientific and technological progress and the understanding of tumor characteristics, 75% of tumors in different parts of the body through regular formal screening physical examination and simple way to achieve early detection, especially obvious early symptoms of cancer, such as lung cancer, cervical cancer, breast cancer, esophageal cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer, liver cancer, colon cancer.
LIU Jun explained that three levels of cancer prevention and reasonable diet, adhere to exercise, avoid obesity, limit alcohol smoking and optimistic attitude, work and rest and other scientific and rational way of life, as important part of primary prevention has been increasingly and more people are recognized and accepted. Secondary prevention is early detection, early diagnosis and treatment as the goal, including regular health examination and cancer screening. Physical examination is covered by anti-cancer tumor markers, serum screening, X-ray examination, including such items. But early detection of cancer by physical examination and did not arouse enough attention. He believes that people can check in for the first time made clear their overall physical condition, to determine whether the tumor after high-risk groups and the frequency of physical examination, the only way to truly ensure the early detection of cancer, early diagnosis, early treatment, thereby enhancing tertiary prevention of cancer treatment.

Tags: 45岁后应每年做防癌体检

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更新日期: 2010-04-09 02:21
作者: : mcyclub
修订: 1.0

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