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肺癌:20岁前抽烟风险翻倍

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  国内出现首本专门针对青少年控烟的“会说话的书”。该书是在世界医学会、中国疾病预防控制中心、中国控制吸烟协会、以及中国医师协会的大力支持下,由辉瑞公司设计制作,是针对低龄青少年儿童的一种新型控烟健康教育材料。
  欧美发达国家青少年吸烟率近几年呈下降趋势,中国则明显上升,北京青少年吸烟者中40%以上15岁以前就开始吸烟。
  一项长达20年的跟踪调查发现,20岁以上开始吸烟,25%会患肺癌、动脉粥样硬化等相关疾病,而20岁以下开始吸烟,这一数字上升到50%。
 “20岁以前开始吸烟,其患肺癌等的风险会翻倍。”中国疾病预防控制中心副主任杨功焕近日在辉瑞公司举办的“远离烟草、清新健康”青少年控烟有声读物发布会上称。
  杨功焕指出,这是因为青少年正处于生长旺盛期,烟草中的有害物质会对身体造成不可逆的损伤,增加基因突变的几率,所以患病率高。“青少年控烟迫在眉睫,控烟要从娃娃抓起。”

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==== 汉译英 ====
The first appeared in Taiwan in this youth-specific tobacco control "talking books." This book is in the World Medical Association and the China Disease Prevention and Control Center, China Tobacco Control Association, and the Chinese Medical Association's strong support designed by Pfizer, is aimed at very young children and adolescents, a new anti-smoking health education material.
Developed countries in Europe and the United States in recent years, youth smoking rates decline, while China is a marked increase in Beijing for more than 40% of young smokers start smoking before the age of 15.
A 20-year follow-up survey found that more than 20 years of age started smoking, 25% of lung cancer, atherosclerosis and other related diseases, and 20 years of age started smoking, that figure rose to 50%.
"Started smoking before the age of 20, their risk of suffering from lung cancer doubled." Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention deputy director Yang Gonghuan recently Pfizer's "stay away from tobacco, fresh and healthy" Youth Tobacco Control conference audio books the said.
 Gong-huan Yang pointed out that this is because the youngsters are at a vigorous growth period of the harmful substances in tobacco would result in irreversible damage to the body to increase the chances of mutation, so a high prevalence. "Youth Tobacco Control is imminent, tobacco control should start with children."

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更新日期: 2010-03-26 06:51
作者: : mcyclub
修订: 1.0

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