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肺癌-中国之最

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     最有中国特色的癌:肝癌
    中国的乙肝病人位居世界第一,当然也直接造成了我国肝癌病人高居全球榜首。肝癌有四大致病因素,即病毒性肝炎、黄曲霉素、喝受污染的水以及酗酒吸烟。 
    对此,国家制定了肝癌的一级预防方针: 
    第一,改水,不吃沟塘水,吃深井水,吃自来水; 
    第二,防霉,不吃霉变玉米; 
    第三,接种乙肝疫苗。
 中国人得的最多的癌:肺癌 
    美国哈佛大学公共卫生学院根据中国现有的数据和情况曾作出报告,在未来的30年,中国因肺癌致死的人数将高达1800万,这意味着每分钟会有1人死于肺癌。 
    肺癌是最可预防的癌症之一。远离烟草、在家常通风、出门戴口罩、少开车、少接触厨房油烟,使用环保的装修材料,都可以在第一时间把肺癌拒之门外。之所以肺癌有这么高的死亡率,主要是因为临床上近八成病人到了晚期才能确诊。

    和饮食最相关的癌:消化道癌 
    高脂肪、高蛋白饮食带来了大肠癌;维生素C缺乏、爱吃酸菜、吃得太烫,导致了食管癌的高发;吃得太咸、吃得太多,则是胃癌的“罪魁”。因此,吃饭七分饱、食物多样化、多吃果蔬少吃肉永远都是防癌真理。

    不会得癌的地方:指甲和头发 
    除此之外,人体其他各器官都会和癌症扯上关系。但还是有灾难鲜少波及的区域。比如扁桃腺癌、唇癌、肛门癌、间皮瘤、外阴癌、阴道癌、肾上腺癌等疾病,其发病率也都在0.1/10万以下。

    最难治疗的癌:胰腺癌 
    胰腺癌素有‘癌中之王’的称号。胰腺癌部位特殊,很难发现早期症状,病人就诊时大多已进入晚期,手术切除难度高、风险大、费用也相对较贵。而且胰腺周围血管丰富,地处交通要道,影响器官多达五六个,的确非常棘手。

    最复杂的癌:淋巴瘤 
    2009年,罗京、青年演员李钰等人的逝世,让人们越来越多地认识了淋巴瘤。事实上,虽然它是分型最多的癌症,但并不像人们想象得那般可怕。化疗让部分淋巴瘤从过去恶性程度最高的肿瘤变成了现在九成以上都能治愈。另外,如果防范装修污染、缓解精神压力、保持体重,尽量避免呼吸道和口腔感染,就可以很好预防。

    孩子最容易得的癌:白血病 
    近亲结婚、装修污染都是让孩子过早患上“白血病”的主要诱因,此外,“小胖墩”、父母抽烟、常开车的,也更容易患白血病。 
    不过,白血病等儿童肿瘤绝对可防可治。急性淋巴细胞白血病的长期生存率可以达到80%以上。

    最有男人特色的癌:前列腺癌 
    在欧美国家,前列腺癌的发病率和致死率都是名列前茅的。而在我国,这些年也颇有“直追欧美”的架势。 
    不过,只要早期发现,前列腺癌的治愈率能达到95%左右。因此建议,男人50岁后一定要定期做前列腺特异性抗原检查。

  最有女人特色的癌:乳腺癌 
     想要远离乳腺癌其实不难,只是从婴儿期就应该有个计划。婴幼儿切忌过胖、儿童期不宜营养过剩、青少年时期增加户外体育活动、青春期适时婚嫁、中年时期定期检查、更年期慎用雌激素。

  最能避免的癌:子宫癌 
    合理健康的饮食习惯,积极参加体育锻炼,避免肥胖,成效最明显的,就是可能会避免70%的子宫癌(包括子宫内膜癌和宫颈癌)。此外,食管癌和口腔癌在“最能避免的癌症中”,紧随其后。

  最早可能被消灭的癌:宫颈癌 
    癌症之所以可怕,主要是因为不知道其诱因。但宫颈癌在这方面却已取得了突破。现在,我们都知道,人乳头瘤病毒是导致此癌的最直接原因。也正因为此,自从2006年第一种宫颈癌疫苗上市后,就让人们看到了攻克癌症的第一缕曙光。

  治疗效果最好的癌:乳腺癌 
    乳腺癌已成为治疗技术取得最多进展的疾病之一。筛查是狙击乳腺癌的第一道关卡。手术、内科治疗、放疗、靶向治疗的‘携手作战’,不仅让早期乳腺癌治愈率达90%以上,也让中晚期乳腺癌患者照样能活得长。

  中国癌症发病率最高的城市:上海 
    据统计,上海癌症发病率1980年比1963年增加了一倍,超过北京、天津的25%,为全国城市第一位。而上海市疾病预防控制中心癌症监测数据显示,上海市区女性的癌症发病率比20年前上升了近一倍,每100名上海女性中就有一人是癌症患者,也远高于我国其他城市。这主要是因为城市越发达,环境污染就可能越严重,人们生活就越不规律,压力也越大,也就难免癌症发病率会日渐攀高了。

  病情最温和的癌:甲状腺癌 
    以20—40岁青壮年为“主力军”的甲状腺癌近年出现了明显增加的趋势,但大部分甲状腺癌恶性度低,病情进展慢,治疗效果理想,且越早治疗效果越好。甲状腺癌和体内较高的雌激素水平、精神压力大、接触X线等放射性物质关系密切,如能避免这些致病因素,预防都不是难题。

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==== 汉译英 ====

Most cancer with Chinese characteristics: liver cancer
    Hepatitis B patients in China ranks first in the world, and of course a direct result of liver cancer patients in China the world's top ranking. Liver cancer there are four pathogenic factors,
    Namely, viral hepatitis, aflatoxin, drinking contaminated water and alcohol-smoking.
    In this regard, countries have developed liver cancer, a precautionary approach:
    First, the change of water, do not eat ditch ponds, deep well eat, eat water;
    Second, anti-mildew, do not eat moldy corn;
    Third, the hepatitis B vaccine.
    Chinese people have the maximum of cancer: Lung cancer
    The Harvard School of Public Health according to China's existing data and information have been reported in the next 30 years, China's number of deaths due to lung cancer up to 18 million, which means that there will be one person every minute die of lung cancer.
    Lung cancer is the most preventable forms of cancer. Away from tobacco, in the homely ventilation, to go out wearing masks, driving less and less access to kitchen smoke, the use of environmentally friendly building materials, can be shut out in the first time to lung cancer. The reason why there is such a high mortality rate of lung cancer, mainly because recent clinical Bacheng advanced stage patients to be diagnosed.
    The most relevant cancer and diet: digestive tract cancer
    High-fat, high protein diet brought about colorectal cancer; a lack of vitamin C, eat sauerkraut, too hot to eat, leading to high incidence of esophageal cancer; eat salty, eat too much, it is stomach cancer, "ringleader." Therefore, eat dinner seven parts, food diversification, eat fruits and vegetables eat less meat will always be anti-cancer truth.
    Do not get cancer of the place: nails and hair
    In addition, other body organs and cancer would be related. However, there are still rarely affected by the disaster area. For example tonsil cancer, lip cancer, anal cancer, mesothelioma, vulvar and vaginal cancer, adrenal cancer and other diseases, the incidence rates were 0.1/10 million or less.
    The most difficult to treat cancer: pancreatic cancer
    Pancreatic cancer is known as 'cancer of the King' in the title. Pancreatic site special, hard to find early symptoms, patients have entered treatment when the most advanced, surgical resection was very difficult and risky, the cost is also relatively expensive. But also rich in blood vessels surrounding the pancreas, located in the traffic arteries, affecting as many as 56 organs is indeed very difficult.
    The most complex cancer: lymphoma
    2009, Luo Jing, Li Yu and others young actor's death, so that there is increasing recognition of the lymphoma. In fact, although it is the largest sub-types of cancer, but not be as terrible as people had imagined. Chemotherapy for lymphoma, from the past some of the highest level of malignant tumors has become more than can be cured now Jiucheng. In addition, if the decoration to prevent pollution, ease mental stress, maintain weight, try to avoid respiratory and oral infections can be a good preventive.
    Children are most susceptible to cancer: leukemia
    Consanguineous marriages, decoration pollution in the children suffering from early "leukemia," the major factor, in addition, "Xiao Pang Tun", the parents smoking, often drive, and also more susceptible to leukemia.
    However, leukemia and other tumors of children is absolutely preventable and curable. The long-term survival in acute lymphoblastic leukemia can be achieved over 80%.
    The most characteristic cancer men: prostate cancer
    In western countries, prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates are among the best of. In China, all these years is also quite "catching up with Europe and the United States," the posture.
    However, if early detection of prostate cancer cure rates can reach 95%. Therefore recommended that men after the age of 50 must have regular prostate-specific antigen examination.
Women are most characteristic of cancer: breast cancer
    You want to stay away from breast cancer is not difficult, but from infancy should have a plan. Infants and young children avoid obesity, childhood nutrition should not be an excess increase in outdoor sports activities during adolescence, puberty, marriage timely, regular inspections middle age, menopausal estrogen be used with caution.
Best to avoid cancer: uterine cancer
    Reasonable and healthy eating habits, participate actively in physical exercise, avoiding obesity, the effectiveness of the most obvious is that you may avoid the 70% of uterine cancer (including endometrial cancer and cervical cancer). In addition, esophageal cancer and oral cancer in the "most avoidable cancer," followed.
The earliest possible annihilation of cancer: cervical cancer
    Cancer so horrible, mainly because they do not know the incentives. However, cervical cancer in this area already achieved a breakthrough. Now, we all know, human papilloma virus is the cause of this cancer, the most direct cause. Which is why, since 2006, after the first cervical cancer vaccine available, let people see the first ray of light conquer cancer.
The best treatment of cancer: breast cancer
    Treatment of breast cancer has become the technology has achieved the most progress with one of the diseases. Breast cancer screening is the attack the first hurdle. Surgery, medical treatment, radiotherapy and targeted therapy of 'joint operations', not only for early breast cancer more than 90% cure rate, but also allow for advanced breast cancer can still live long.
Chinese cities with the highest incidence of cancer: Shanghai
    According to statistics, Shanghai, the incidence of cancer in 1980 than in 1963, doubled over in Beijing, Tianjin, 25%, to cities across the country first. The Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention of cancer surveillance data show that women in Shanghai area the incidence of cancer increased by more than 20 years ago, nearly doubled every 100 Shanghai women have a person with cancer, but also much higher than other cities in China . This is mainly because the more developed cities, environmental pollution may be more serious, people's lives, the more irregular, the greater the pressure, thus inevitably would be able to climb the incidence of cancer of the.
Disease, the mildest of cancer: thyroid cancer
    To young adults 20-40 years of age for the "main force" of thyroid cancer in recent years, there is a clear increasing trend, but most of malignant thyroid cancer is low, slow disease progress, treatment results are satisfactory, and the sooner the better therapeutic effect. Thyroid cancer and a higher level of estrogen the body, mental stress, contact with radioactive substances such as X-close if they can avoid these risk factors, prevention is not a difficult problem.

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更新日期: 2010-03-16 03:04
作者: : mcyclub
修订: 1.0

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